Skip to content

APA Citation

APA Citation

APA (American Psychological Association) is a mention design which is most frequently utilized to mention sources for documents within the social sciences.

Pointing out sources in the text in APA Citation
In describing a work or a quote from a work you must mention APA in the author-date-page number format e.g (Freud, 1927). When pointing out source inside the text, the last name of the author and the year of the publication must be utilized. If the author is currently discussed in the sentence, no requirement to point out the author once again, simply place the publication year in parentheses after the author has actually been discussed.

The page number must follow prior to the duration of the sentence eg. (p. 00)

For Instance:

According to Freud (1927 ), “Religious beliefs is similar to a youth neurosis” (p. 53).

Freud (1927) compares religious beliefs to a youth neurosis (p. 53).

He stated, “Religious beliefs is similar to a youth neurosis” (Freud, 1927, p. 53) which I do not settle on.

APA Functions Pointed Out Page
At the end of your paper, you must have a works mentioned page in APA Citation. It must begin on a brand-new page and must be entitled “Referrals.” It must be focused at the top of the page. Do not vibrant, highlight or put quotes on the title. Some utilize an APA works mentioned generator however doing it by hand is typically done.

General guidelines of Referral list in APA citation:
The spacing must be double area.
The indention of the entry must be a hanging indent.
Note the entries alphabetically by the author’s surname.
If you have several sources by one author, order it beginning with the earliest publication.

Capitalize significant words just for journal titles. Do not capitalize prepositions/conjunctions unless they are the very first word of the title/subtitle.
For books, chapter or posts in publications and books, or Websites, capitalize just the very first letter of the title and subtitle.
Capitalize correct nouns.

Italicize titles of longer works like journals and books.
Titles of much shorter works such as poems, stories, journal posts, and essays must not be italicized, highlighted or placed in quote marks.

Examples of APA citations

BOOKS in APA citation

Standard format:

Author Surname, First Call Preliminary( s). (Year of publication). Title of work: Uppercase likewise for subtitle. City, State Abbreviation: Publisher.

If not in the United States, then simply compose the city.

One author:

Moran, A. (2012 ). Sport and workout psychology: A crucial intro (second Ed). London: Routledge.

If edition besides the very first, simply include the edition in parentheses after the title of the work.

2 authors:
Enter the authors by their surnames and initials; utilize the ampersand rather of the word “and.”

Kitchener, K. S., & & Anderson, S. K. (2012 ). Structures of ethical practice, research study, and mentor in psychology and therapy. London: Psychology Press.

3 to 7 authors:
Different authors with a comma. The last author must be preceded by an ampersand rather of “and.”

Keith-Spiegel, P., Whitley, B. E., Balogh, D. W., Perkins, D. V., & & Wittig, A. F. (2002 ). The principles of mentor: A casebook. London: Psychology Press.

More than 7 authors:
Reference the very first 6 very first followed by a “…” then point out the last author. No requirement to utilize the ampersand.

Keith-Spiegel, P., Whitley, B. E., Balogh, D. W., Perkins, D. V., Miller, F. H., Harland, A. A., … Wittig, A. F. (2002 ). The principles of mentor: A casebook. London: Psychology Press.

Chapter or Post in an Edited book:
Just very first word of Chapter title and subtitle must be capitalized. Just very first word of book must be capitalized. For numerous authors, follow format above. For numerous editors, different with comma and ampersand whenever suitable.

Seligman, M. (1992 ). Favorable psychology, favorable avoidance, and favorable treatment. In Snyder, C.R., & & Lopez S. (Eds.), Gender handbook of favorable psychology. (pp. 107-123). Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania.


The journal is italicized with all the significant words capitalized. The title of the post must just have the very first word capitalized.

The standard format:

Author Surname, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of post or chapter. Journal, Volume (problem if readily available), Pages.

Brandon, N. (2012 ). Anticipating teenagers’ determination, non-persistence, and current start of nonmedical usage of stimulants and opioids. Addicting Habits, 37 (6 ), 716-721.

2 authors:
Much Like how you would mention APA on a book. Different with an ampersand.

Brandon, N., & & Rogers, P., (2012 ). Anticipating teenagers’ determination, non-persistence, and current start of nonmedical usage of stimulants and opioids. Addicting Habits, 37 (6 ), 716-721.

For 3 or to 7 authors, follow the author list as how you would do the book to mention in APA. The exact same guideline makes an application for 7 or more authors.

Online book:
Usage “n.d.” if no date is readily available. Consist of the complete URL where readers can discover it.

Smith, D. (2008 ). Where to discover joy. Offered from URL_GOES_HERE

PAPERS in APA citation

Articles in papers can be typically in numerous pages. If there is just one page, then utilize p. For several pages, utilize pp. for an APA citation.

Single page: p. A2
several pages: pp. C2, C5-C7

Reference the entire date (year, Month date) eg. (2006, March 26)

Example APA mention:

Richards, S. (2007, April 28). Alcoholic policies around the world. Washington Post, pp. 2A, 3A.

Consist of the complete URL

Tierney, J. (2011, May 16). A brand-new gauge to see what’s beyond joy. The New York City Times. Obtained from URL_GOES_HERE


Standard format (Print):

Borgia, M. (2000, April 9). Passing the mark for international schools. Newsweek, 135, 26-28.


Usage n.p. if there is no publisher name provided and n.d. if no publishing date is readily available. Include the complete URL to mention in APA.

Ronalds, T. M., Peters, A., & & Ricci, D. (2008 ). Unusual consuming amongst teenagers. Cosmopolitan Online, 10( 3 ), 35-36. Due to the fact that web websites are upgraded frequently, obtained from
SITE in APA citation

Consist of the date of gain access to. Include the total URL of the website. If no publishing date is provided,

Usage n.d..

Author, A.( Date if readily available). Title of file/ post/ or page. Obtained from URL_GOES_HERE(*) Evans, E. (2010, May 5). Soup for the soul. Obtained from URL_GOES_HERE(*) Evans, E. (n.d.). Soup for the soul. Obtained from URL_GOES_HERE(*) APA Citation(*)
#APA #Citation.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.